Online Appeal Unearths Historic Web Page
The European Laboratory for Particle Physics (Cern) recently launched a public appeal for files, hardware, and software from the Internet's earliest days. Unfortunately, the files and data for many of those first pages have been lost because of the way the World Wide Web creators Tim Berners-Lee and Robert Caillou worked as they were developing the technology. However, Cern's outreach has produced a copy of the Web page demonstrated by Berners-Lee in 1991 as he was trying to get support for the idea of the Web. In those days, Berners-Lee had to carry around a computer with the Web files on it in order to demonstrate its capabilities. One of the people he showed it to, Paul Jones, kept a copy that has survived. There might be more relics from the Web's beginning on that machine, but for the moment they remain hidden because the password for the computer's hard drive has been forgotten, Jones says. Caillou and Berners-Lee carried out their early research at Cern, which wants to use any early artifacts it finds to create an online exhibit. Cern's Dan Noyes notes the organization's request for material has elicited a huge public response.
Nine Lessons for Innovators from a Nobel Prize-Winning Psychologist
A reminder to read Thinking, Fast and Slow by Daniel Kahneman.
The paradox is this: the whole world of venture-backed innovation is structured to reward people who take irrational gambles. In fact, you can argue that technological and economic disruptions of the sort that the tech ecosystem celebrates only come from people who display delusional levels of self-confidence and risk-taking. If every entrepreneur and investor were to read Kahneman’s book and become fully cognizant of the flaws in their thinking and the statistical realities they’re up against, Silicon Valley would have to put out a permanent “Gone Fishing” sign.
1. The illusion of understanding
2. Outcome bias
3. The illusion of pattern
4. Nonregressive explanations
5. The illusion of validity, also known as the illusion of skill
6. The optimistic bias
8. Competition neglect
9. The focusing illusion:
Why Technology Is An Extension Of Imagination
Filmaker and futurist Jason Silva discusses the emergence of human consciousness and the concept of The Mirroring Mind.Speaking at PSFK CONFERENCE 2013, Jason Silva introduced one of his documentaries titled The Mirroring Mind, part of a series of short documentaries exploring the cybernetic symbiosis betweens humans and technology. Particularly, Silva focuses on how technology has the potential to radically extend the boundaries of human possibility, and act as a conduit to extend imagination beyond previous limits.
Peace One Day – Sept 21st
Translation to Go Hi-Tech; C-DAC to Launch 'Translator'
Technology is playing an increasingly large role in the translation industry, due to advances in machine-aided translation (MAT). The Center for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) soon will release a pattern-directed, rule-based English to Malayalam MAT system called Paribhashika. C-DAC also will unveil a Malayalam book translated from English using the new system. “The key feature of the software is that intelligible translation can be carried out and it shows all possible translation," says C-DAC's Badran V. K. "Text input and file input facilities are provided, also post editing option is available." Translating a chapter from English to Malayalam typically takes three months, but work can be completed within a month using the Paribhashika system, he notes. The MAT system performs the bulk of the translating work, with human translators contributing the final editing. Government departments are expected to use the software to translate reports, and the State Institute of Languages is working with C-DAC to translate its publications. C-DAC will make a Web version of the software available online for users to test and provide feedback.
Daniel Dennett's seven tools for thinking
The Guardian ß worth checking out
Cognitive scientist and philosopher Daniel Dennett is one of America's foremost thinkers. In this extract from his new book, he reveals some of the lessons life has taught him.
1. USE YOUR MISTAKES
2. RESPECT YOUR OPPONENT
3. THE "SURELY" KLAXON
4. ANSWER RHETORICAL QUESTIONS
5. EMPLOY OCCAM'S RAZOR
6. DON'T WASTE YOUR TIME ON RUBBISH
7. BEWARE OF DEEPITIES
51 Practical Lessons for a Lifetime
One of my coaching clients recently turned 51 and, upon my encouragement, prepared a list of lessons he’d learned in the “school of hard knocks.” With his permission, I present below a distillation of his wisdom.
1. Measure twice, cut once
2. Learn to see the extraordinary in the ordinary.
3. Life is not about finding yourself, it’s about creating yourself.
4. The best vengeance is living life well.
5. Don’t smoke. Don’t abuse alcohol. Don’t do drugs.
6. Love your country and fellowman.
7. Don’t let misfortune steal your dreams.
8. Things could always be worse.
9. Don’t be afraid to fail. Keep in mind that mistakes are stepping stones to triumph.
10. Don’t worry. Everything eventually works out.
11. Don’t be resentful. Don’t take anything personally.
12. You can always get more money, but you can’t get more time.
13. Ask not for an easy life. Ask for the vigor to endure a difficult one and persevere.
14. If you risk nothing, you risk even more.
15. Never underestimate yourself or take your abilities too lightly.
16. Don’t take things that aren’t yours.
17. Never say die. Never say never.
42. Learn something new every day.
43. Everything you need to know is in there somewhere. Find it.
44. Never underrate the power of accessibility.
45. Acknowledge those who have helped you.
46. Sometimes you’re ahead, sometimes you’re behind.
47. Pardon your enemies, don’t forget their names.
48. Just start. Just take that first step and get started.
49. Don’t expect of others what you don’t demand of yourself
50. Don’t expect anyone else to support you.
51. Friends may come and go, but enemies accumulate.
How to Enjoy Your Decision
Decisions can be hard. We may be haunted by the path not taken. But the best way to feel better about the one choice we do make may be to put up a literal barrier to any of the other choices. The study is the Journal of Consumer Research (pdf).
How Ancestry.com transforms mounds of data into legible digital records
Sure, genealogy nerds might have fun poking through U.S. Census records, birth certificates and other documents in pursuit of information about their relatives on Ancestry.com. When it comes to showing off individual records to friends and relatives, though, the presentation can lack punch, and telling the whole story of an ancestor’s life isn’t straightforward.
The people behind the Ancestry.com service have realized this. Now they’re making the most of their 4PB storehouse of official personal records, user-submitted information and other data with a new feature delivering sleek computer-generated but customizable summaries of information available on users’ ancestors.
Ancestry started rolling out the feature, known as Story View, earlier this quarter to a tiny share of its customers, and now it’s active for 10 percent of them. The plan is to analyze the use of Ancestry with and without Story View and round out the feature before making it generally available, probably later this year, said Eric Shoup, the company’s executive vice president of product, in a recent interview. Already Ancestry has made the feature more interactive by letting users move around a single page the images of documents and edit the associated bodies of text derived from the documents.
Teens, Social Media, and Privacy
Sharing, Social Media, and Privacy in the World of Teen Social Media
Still Charting Memory’s Depths
MONTREAL — In many ways, the Obama administration’s new plan to map the human brain has its origins in the work of Brenda Milner, the neuropsychologist whose detailed observations of an amnesia patient in the 1950s showed how memory is rooted in specific regions of the brain.
“Prior to Brenda Milner’s discoveries, many behaviorists and some cognitive psychologists followed the lead of Freud and Skinner in abandoning biology as a useful guide to the study of memory,” the Nobel laureate Dr. Eric Kandel wrote in his memoir, “In Search of Memory.” “Milner’s work changed all that.”
The amnesia patient, Henry Molaison (known during his lifetime only as H.M., to protect his privacy), died at 82 in 2008; his brain is now being dissected and digitally mapped in exquisite detail.
But Dr. Milner is still very much alive. Two months short of her 95th birthday, she puts in full days at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital, where she is studying left/right brain differences.
60 Experts on Human Emotion
The EIE Series provides a unique opportunity to explore the mysteries of human emotion guided by some of the world's foremost experts on the subject, ranging from distinguished academics to leading figures behind social media services like Facebook. In addition to tackling central questions such as what emotions are, why we have them, and how our understanding of them can lead to happier and healthier lives. You'll also hear first-hand about what first led these key players to study emotion and what they see as the most exciting frontiers ahead.
The Expert in Emotion Interview series is part of a broader educational mission to share the study of human emotion beyond the walls of the classroom, to reach students and teachers alike, both locally and globally, through the use of technology. This mission is generously supported by, and in collaboration with, the Yale Office of Digital Dissemination and the Yale College Dean’s Office
The Value of Big Data isn’t the Data
It is clear that a new age is upon us. Evidence-based decision-making (aka Big Data) is not just the latest fad, it's the future of how we are going to guide and grow business. But let's be very clear: There is a huge distinction to be made between "evidence" and "data." The former is the end game for understanding where your business has been and where it needs to go. The latter is the instrument that lets us get to that end game. Data itself isn't the solution. It's just part of the path to that solution.
The confusion here is understandable. In an effort to move from the Wild West world of shoot-from-the-hip decision making to a more evidence-based model, companies realized that they would need data. As a result, organizations started metering and monitoring every aspect of their businesses. Sales, manufacturing, shipping, costs and whatever else could be captured were all tracked and turned into well-controlled (or not so well-controlled) data.